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Mon, 03 Nov 2008 10:44:00

Dhulq'aadatul Haram: An Eventful Month

By. Dr. Muhsin Alidina
The Month of Dhulq'aadatil Haraam is an eventful month. The Treaty of Hudaibiyyah was signed by The Prophet SAWW on 1st Dhulq'aada of 6 Hijrah, the revelation enjoining Hajj came on 9th Dhulq'aada 8Hijrah, Wiladah of Imam Ali Musa Al-Ridha AS, our Eighth Imam took place on 11th Dhulq'aada 148 Hijrah, Nabi Ibrahim AS and Nabi Isa AS were born 25th Dhulq'aada which is also the day of Dahwul Ardh i.e. the day when the earth emerged from under water and began to spread from under the Ka'ba and became the land mass that Allah SWT's creatures inhabit, mam Muhammad Taqi Al-Jawaad AS, our ninth Imam, was martyred on 29th Dhulq'aada, 220 Hijra.

Almighty Allah in Surat al-Nazi'aat (79:30) speaking clearly about Dahwul Ardh says: “and the earth-after that He spread it out (dahahaa)...”

What is Dahwul Ardh?
“Dahwul Ardh” - the 25th of Dhulqa'dah, according to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (SAWW) reported by 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, is the day when the earth was spread for the benefit of human beings. The phrase "Dahwul Ardh" literally means “The spread of the earth”. In another tradition it is reported that the first Rahmah and blessing descended on this very day. A saying of one of our Aimmah AS goes: “Imam Zamana AjjalaLLAHU Farajahu Ssharif” will rise on this day and will fill the world with fairness and justice as it was filled with unfairness and oppression”. Hence it is a very important occasion indeed. This day is one of those four days, which are distinguished for the excellence of fasting. According to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (SAWW), whosoever fasts on this day his fast would equal 70 years of fasting. Many a’maal of this day have been described.

How is Dahwu'l Ardh applicable in the present era and how to celebrate it? Islam was not revealed for a certain time and to a particular people. Its laws and teachings apply for all ages. We should try to appreciate this vital truth and behold the "universality" of the religious teachings. The day of Dahwul Ardh that the Holy Prophet (SAWW) and our Aimma (AS) mention in the traditions was not a day of celebration for their time only. Rather, it is a day to be celebrated in every epoch and land. The problems the earth faced in their time may be different from the problems the earth confronts in our age. However both have lived in the same earth. Our duty in every age when this Islamic earth day is celebrated should be to ponder over this God-given blessing, the reason why it was created, whether it is utilized for the purpose it was created, the crisis it faces at present, the remedy for such crisis, etc. This would really make the celebration a celebration of true faith and concern, and a celebration of thanking the All-Merciful Creator who created the world for man's good.

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